This case will decide if a Parsi woman loses her own religious identity and acquires the religion of her husband after solemnizing her marriage under the Special Marriage Act and if her ban from entering Parsi institutions is thus valid.
Ms Goolrokh Gupta, a Parsi by birth, married a Hindu man under the Special Marriage Act, 1954. She continued to practice the Parsi Zoroastrian religion after her marriage. However, the Parsi Trust in her hometown in Valsad, Gujarat, barred her from entering Parsi institutions, thus prohibiting her from performing the last rites of her parents in the event of their demise.
Ms Gupta approached the Gujarat High Court seeking a Writ to allow her to perform funeral ceremonies of her parents in the event of their death. The Gujarat High Court, in the ratio of 2:1, dismissed her petition on the primary ground that a Parsi woman, upon marriage with a non-Parsi under the Special Marriage Act ceases to be a Parsi, unless she obtains a declaration from a competent Court stating that she has continued to practice her Zoroastrian religion even after marriage.
Aggrieved by this order of the Gujarat High Court, Ms Gupta filed a Special Leave Petition before the Supreme Court. She contends that the actions of the trust and the order of the High Court violate provisions of the Special Marriage Act and various International Conventions, and also infringe her fundamental rights under Article 14, 21 and 25 of the Constitution.
The petition was first heard by a 3-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court, which has referred the matter to a Constitutional Bench.
Special Leave Petition filed on behalf of Ms. Gupta
Read our reports on the hearings here:
Summary of Day 1 Arguments
Summary of Day 2 arguments
Parsi Trust agreed to allow access to Tower of Silence to Goolrok Gupta, the petitioner
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