W.P. (C ) 558 of 2012

Judicial Relevance of Parliamentary Reports

Case Description

The Supreme Court will decide whether the courts can rely on a parliamentary standing committee report during judicial proceedings.


The issue came before the court when a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was filed in 2012 for de-licensing two cervical vaccines due to alleged irregularities in clinical trials. There were reports of people dying due to after effect of these two vaccines – Gardasil and Cervarix, manufactured by Merck Sharp and Dohme and GlaxoSmithKline Plc. The 89th Parliamentary Standing Committee (PSR) on Health and Family Welfare in their December 2014 Report had found grave irregularities in clinical trials for these vaccines. The report also recorded irregularities in obtaining consent from the clinical trial subjects and the deviation from various established protocols.

When the notice of court was brought to the adverse Standing Committee Report, a question arose whether the Court while exercising the power of judicial review under Article 32  can advert to the report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee and on that basis issue directions.

The respondents representing the drug companies argued that putting PSR for issuing judicial direction will violate freedom of speech and expression of MPs under Art 105 and also violate art 121, which prohibits the court from inquiring into parliamentary proceedings. The court also engaged with the question if PSR being an external aid of interpretation can be relied upon exhaustively to issue judicial directions. The 2 judge bench of Dipak Misra and Rohinton Nariman observed that the question surrounding PSR involves a substantial question of law relating to constitutional interpretation. So they referred the issue to a constitutional bench which is being headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, Justice AM Khanwilkar, Justice A.K. Sikri and Justice Ashok Bhushan.



i) Whether, in a litigation filed before this Court either under Article 32 or Article 136 of the Constitution of India, the Court can refer to and rely on a report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee.

ii) Whether such a report can be looked at for the purpose of reference and, if so, can there be restrictions for the purpose of reference due to the concept of parliamentary privilege under Art 105 and Art 121.


Latest Hearing

Judgment Pending

Judgment reserved. Counsels to file written submissions in a week.


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