This case will decide if a fundamental right to privacy is guaranteed under the Constitution of India.
In 2012, a number of petitions led by Justice K S Puttaswamy, a retired judge of the High Court, were filed in the Supreme Court, challenging the constitutional validity of the Adhaar scheme introduced by the UPA Government. On 11th August, 2015, a Bench of three judges passed an order that a Bench of appropriate strength must examine the correctness of the decisions in M P Sharma v Satish Chandra, District Magistrate, Delhi (1954) SCR 1077 rendered by a Bench of eight judges and Kharak Singh v State of Uttar Pradesh (1964) 1 SCR 332 rendered by a Bench of six judges, and decide whether we have a fundamental right to privacy.
This matter was first placed before a 5 Judge bench headed by the Chief Justice, which referred the matter to a 9 Judge bench on 18th July, 2017. The bench comprised of Chief Justice Khehar and Justices Jasti Chelameshwar, S.A. Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Abdul Nazeer, Nariman, R.K. Agarwal, Abhay Manohar Sapre, and Sanjay Kishan Kaul. Arguments began on 19th July 2017 and concluded on 2nd August 2017.
In a historic decision delivered on 24th August 2017, the Bench unanimously recognised a fundamental right to privacy of every individual guaranteed by the Constitution, within Article 21 in particular and Part III on the whole. The decisions in M.P. Sharma and Kharak Singh stand overruled.
The decision is believed to have repercussions on previous decisions of the Court, particularly the controversial decision in Naz Foundation.
Submissions by Mr. Gopal Subramaniam
Submissions by Mr. Arvind Datar, appearing for one of the Petitioners
Submissions by Mr. Shyam Divan, appearing for one of the Petitioners
Supplementary submissions by Mr. Shyam Divan, appearing for one of the Petitioners
Short note of Submission by Mr. Shyam Divan
Note of submissions by Mr. Anand Grover, appearing for one of the Petitioners
Note of Submissions by Ms. Meenakshi Arora
We would like to thank Ms. Nidhi Khanna for providing us the documents.
Read our interviews with Anand Grover and Kapil Sibal
Interview with Anand Grover on judgment in Fundamental Right to Privacy case
Interview with Kapil Sibal on judgment in Fundamental Right to Privacy case
Read our reports on the hearings here:
Referral to 9-Judge Bench
Summary of Day 1 arguments from Soli Sorabjee and Shyam Divan
Summary of Day 1 arguments from Gopal Subramanium
Summary of Day 1 arguments from Arvind Datar
Summary of Day 2 arguments from Arvind Datar
Summary of Day 2 arguments from Meenakshi Arora
Summary of Day 2 arguments from Anand Grover
Summary of Day 2 arguments from Sajan Poovayya
Summary of Day 3 arguments from Kapil Sibal
Summary of Day 3 arguments from K.K. Venugopal
Summary of Day 4 arguments from K.K. Venugopal
Summary of Day 4 arguments from C.A. Sundaram
Summary of Day 5 arguments from C.A. Sundaram
Summary of Day 5 arguments from Tushar Mehta
Summary of Day 5 arguments from Rakesh Dwivedi
Summary of Day 6 arguments from Rakesh Dwivedi
Day 6 arguments – Petitioners Rejoinders part I
Day 6 arguments – Petitioners Rejoinders part II
Read our reports on the judgement here:
Summary of the 9-Judge Bench judgement
Plain English version of the judgement – part I
Plain English version of the judgement – part II
Judgement delivered. Fundamental Right to privacy upheld.
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